There are four main components in an average septic system. These are the pipe running from the house, the septic tank, a drainfield and the soil. The soil is very important to the operation of your septic system because microbes found in the soil help digest or remove most contaminants from the wastewater before it reaches the groundwater.
The pipe running from your house to the septic tank carries all waste water and waste products to the septic tank.
Septic tanks are buried and watertight and are usually made of concrete, fiberglass or polyethylene. The purpose of the septic tank is to hold the waste water until the solids settle creating a sludge and the oils and grease float to the surface creating a scum film. The tank will allow for partial decomposition of the solid waste while compartments and a t-shaped outlet prevent the sludge and scum from exiting the tank and entering the drainfield. Screens can also be used to prevent this from happening.
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